What Is the U S. Dollar Index USDX and How to Trade It

The US Dollar Index – known as USDX, DXY, DX and USD Index – is a measure of the value of the United States Dollar (USD) against a weighted basket of currencies used by US trade partners. The index will rise if the Dollar strengthens against these currencies and fall if it weakens. Keep reading to learn more on the US Dollar Index, how it is calculated, and what affects it price.

  1. The exchange also offers USDX options contracts with six different expiration dates, ranging from one month to one year in the future.
  2. It compares the value of the US Dollar against six currencies used by major US trade partners – the Euro (EUR), Japanese Yen (JPY), Pound Sterling (GBP), Canadian Dollar (CAD), Swedish Krona (SEK) and Swiss Franc (CHF).
  3. Moreover, investors can use the US Dollar Index to hedge their portfolios against the risk of a move in the value of the US dollar.
  4. It is now maintained by ICE Data Indices, a subsidiary of the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE).

The weights of the rest of the currencies in the index are JPY (13.6%), GBP (11.9%), CAD (9.1%), SEK (4.2%), and CHF (3.6%).

Trade DXY US Dollar Index – DXY CFD

UUP has more than $2 billion in assets under management and is extremely liquid, averaging more than 4.1 million shares of daily trading volume. Investors also use the dollar index as a litmus test for U.S. economic performance, particularly when it comes to imports and exports. The more goods the U.S. exports, the more international demand there is for U.S. dollars to purchase those goods. The U.S. Dollar Index is a market index benchmark used to measure the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other widely-traded international currencies. However, such a strong Dollar caused problems for US exporters, who found that their goods were no longer as competitive internationally. As a result, the US government took action to make the currency more competitive with five countries agreeing to manipulate the Dollar in the forex markets as part of the ‘Plaza Accord’.

The value of the US Dollar Index fell in 2020 after the initial flight to safety, as the US Federal Reserve policy to reduce interest rates to record lows and stimulate investment reduced the value of the dollar. At the same time, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has created economic uncertainty around the world, particularly in the European energy market. Because the U.S. dollar is the world’s reserve currency and is generally considered a safe haven during periods of economic instability, investors have also been piling into the dollar for safety and security. A strong dollar means other global currencies have been relatively weak, which Lynch says exacerbates inflationary pressures and financial market volatility. There is some debate in the currency markets that the US Dollar Index should be reformulated to include currencies from emerging markets that have become larger US trading partners, such as China and Mexico. As a stronger currency can reduce demand for exports to other countries that pay for the goods with relatively weaker currencies, some governments pursue policies to keep down their nation’s currency value.

The US Dollar Index, also known as DXY, is used by traders seeking a measure of the value of USD against a basket of currencies used by US trade partners. The index will rise if the Dollar strengthens against these currencies and will fall if the Dollar weakens against these currencies. Plan your technical analysis of the US Dollar Index by tracking its price in the chart and keep up with the latest market movements with news, advice pieces, and the dollar index forecast. DXY trading allows investors to gain exposure to the foreign exchange markets based on the US dollar, the global reserve currency.

As a result, its calculation doesn’t include emerging market currencies, like the Mexican Peso (MXN) or commodity currencies. It also doesn’t include China’s renminbi (CNY), even though China is now the largest U.S. trading partner by a wide margin. The below chart shows some of the major events that affected the USDX price since 2005. Traders should make sure they fully understand how these derivative contracts work and the risks involved before they buy. Asher Rogovy, chief investment officer at Magnifina, says the USDX also has some shortcomings that investors should understand.

Other factors include inflation, economic performance, credit ratings, market sentiment and foreign affairs. The U.S. Dollar Index (USDX) is a relative measure of the U.S. dollars (USD) strength against a basket of six influential currencies, including the Euro, Pound, Yen, Canadian Dollar, Swedish Korner, and Swiss Franc. The USDX can be used as a proxy for the health of the U.S. economy and traders can use it to speculate on the dollar's change in value or as a hedge against currency exposure elsewhere. The US Dollar Index can be traded using futures and options or, where permitted, spread betting and CFD trading can also be used to speculate on whether the USDX will go up or down in price. Read more on how to trade US Dollar Index for technical strategies and tips.

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An overvaluation of the USD led to concerns over the exchange rates and their link to the way in which gold was priced. President Richard Nixon decided to temporarily suspend the gold standard, at which point other countries were able to choose any exchange agreement other than the price of gold. In 1973, many foreign governments chose to let their currency rates float, putting an end to the agreement. The index started in 1973 with a base of 100, and values since then are relative to this base. It was established shortly after the Bretton Woods Agreement was dissolved.

For example, it rose as the current account generated a surplus in the 1990s, fell as US debt levels increased in the 2000s, and rallied as investors flocked to the relative safety of the Dollar during the Great Recession. The USDX allows traders and investors to monitor the purchasing power of the U.S. dollar relative to the six currencies included in the index’s basket. In the coming years, it is likely currencies will be replaced as the index strives to represent major U.S. trading partners.

Conversely, countries that import heavily favour a stronger currency to reduce the foreign exchange cost of paying for those imports. The value of the DXY is driven by demand and supply of the US dollar, as well as the component currencies in the index. Currency demand is affected https://www.forex-world.net/cryptocurrency-pairs/xtz-eur/ by monetary and trade policy as well as economic growth, inflation, geopolitical events and broad financial market sentiment. In addition to futures and options contracts, one of the easiest and most popular ways to trade the DXY is with contracts for difference, or CFDs.

The Euro and Pound are the base currency for the two others, with these given a negative value. Wayne Duggan has a decade of experience covering breaking market news and providing analysis and commentary related to popular stocks. how to buy penny stocks without a broker News & World Report and a regular contributor for Forbes Advisor and USA Today. The Fed’s top priority in 2022 has been bringing down inflation from multi-decade highs, and its best weapon has been raising interest rates.

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Goldman Sachs estimates S&P 500 companies generate about 29% of their total revenue from outside the U.S. Not surprisingly, analysts have tamped down S&P 500 revenue growth estimates for 2023. According to Yardeni Research, the consensus estimate for the fourth quarter is +9%. “Foreign currency conversion can have a positive or negative effect on operating results. Now, the dollar index is very elevated and will ultimately serve as a headwind for overseas business of U.S. corporations,” Bevins says. Since 1985, the dollar index has been calculated and maintained by Intercontinental Exchange (ICE).

The DXY was primarily developed as a reference for US external trade, and the ability to trade the Dollar Index futures was introduced later, in 1985, with options trading following in 1986. Trading on the index is maintained by the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE). ICE provides live feeds for Dow Futures that appear on Bloomberg.com and CNN Money. Dollar markets are open, which is from Sunday evening New York City local time (early Monday morning Asia time) for 24 hours a day to late Friday afternoon New York City local time. Check out the latest USD Index price with our chart and follow the latest news and analysis from our DailyFX experts. Here we can see that USD is the base currency in four of the six currency pairs included, with these given a positive value for the purposes of the calculation.

Similarly, if the index is currently 80, falling 20 from its initial value, that implies that it has depreciated 20%. The appreciation and depreciation results are a factor of the time period in question. The euro is, by far, the largest component of the index, making up 57.6% of the basket.

Traders can also use leveraged currency ETFs to bet against weakening international currencies. The ProShares UltraShort Euro (EUO) is designed to generate daily returns equal to double the inverse of the daily performance of the euro versus the U.S. dollar. Tech stocks have the largest overall exposure to international markets of any S&P 500 market sector, with overseas revenue representing 59% of total sales, according to Goldman. Semiconductor company Qualcomm https://www.forexbox.info/adventure-capitalist/ (QCOM) generates nearly all—96%—of its revenue internationally, while Facebook parent Meta Platforms (META) and Google parent Alphabet (GOOGL) generate more than half of their revenue overseas. “A combination of higher inflation, the Fed’s aggressive tightening campaign and a global search for yield have all contributed to the strong dollar,” Lynch says. The dollar index tracks the relative value of the U.S. dollar against a basket of important world currencies.

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